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Method: Approach, Design, and Procedure

Jack C. Richards and Ted Rodgers
TESOL Quarterly
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Jun., 1982), pp. 153-168
DOI: 10.2307/3586789
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3586789
Page Count: 16
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Method: Approach, Design, and Procedure
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Abstract

This paper presents a framework for the systematic description and comparison of methods. The proliferation of new methods in recent years suggests the need for such a model. A method is defined in terms of three levels: approach, design, and procedure. Approach is a theory of language and of language learning. Design is a definition of linguistic content, a specification for the selection and organization of content, and a description of the role of teacher, learner, and teaching materials. Procedure is concerned with techniques and practices in a method. The model is discussed with reference to recent proposals in methodology, and the application of the model is demonstrated.

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