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Changes in Tissue Biochemical Composition and Energy Reserves Associated with Sexual Maturation in the Ommastrephid Squids Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae

R. Rosa, P. R. Costa, N. Bandarra and M. L. Nunes
Biological Bulletin
Vol. 208, No. 2 (Apr., 2005), pp. 100-113
DOI: 10.2307/3593118
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3593118
Page Count: 14
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Changes in Tissue Biochemical Composition and Energy Reserves Associated with Sexual Maturation in the Ommastrephid Squids Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the biochemical changes that occur during sexual maturation of the squids Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae. In both species, amino acids and protein content increased in the gonad throughout maturation, but the allocation of these nitrogen compounds from the digestive gland and muscle was not evident. A significant (P < 0.05) increase in the content of lipids and fatty acids was observed in the gonad and digestive gland. It seems that both species take energy for egg production directly from food, rather than from stored products. Analyses for cholesterol revealed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in the gonad, and the lipid content differences between species are potentially related to different feeding ecologies. The glycogen reserves in the gonad increased significantly (P < 0.05), suggesting that glycogen has an important role in the maturation process. It was evident that sexual maturation had a significant effect upon the gonad energy content, but because the energy variation in the digestive gland and muscle was nonsignificant (P > 0.05), there was no evidence that storage reserves are transferred from tissue to tissue.

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