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The Morphology and Distribution of `Kolmer--Agduhr Cells', a Class of Cerebrospinal-Fluid-Contacting Neurons Revealed in the Frog Embryo Spinal Cord by GABA Immunocytochemistry

N. Dale, A. Roberts, O. P. Ottersen and J. Storm- Mathisen
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Vol. 232, No. 1267 (Nov. 23, 1987), pp. 193-203
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/36218
Page Count: 19
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The Morphology and Distribution of `Kolmer--Agduhr Cells', a Class of Cerebrospinal-Fluid-Contacting Neurons Revealed in the Frog Embryo Spinal Cord by GABA Immunocytochemistry
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Abstract

An immunocytochemical method that localizes GABA in glutaraldehyde-fixed tissue has been applied to the study of the Xenopus embryo spinal cord. This procedure stained an anatomical class of neuron, which had somata forming two more or less continuous rows, one on either side of the central canal, in the ventral part of the spinal cord. The total number of stained neurons in the stage 37-38 embryo spinal cord was about 300. The medial surface of the soma protruded into the central canal and had a brush border which electron microscope studies showed to consist of many microvilli or stereocilia and one or two cilia. The external end of the neuron soma had an ipsilateral ascending axon. The axon of many of these neurons had a growth cone which was also clearly stained. We propose calling these neurons `Kolmer--Agduhr cells' after W. Kolmer and E. Agduhr who described them in the spinal cords of many vertebrate classes. Their early embryonic origin, GABA-like immunoreactivity, axonal projections and distribution as a whole population have not previously been known.

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