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Events in Madurese Reciprocals

William D. Davies
Oceanic Linguistics
Vol. 39, No. 1 (Jun., 2000), pp. 123-143
DOI: 10.2307/3623219
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3623219
Page Count: 21
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Events in Madurese Reciprocals
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Abstract

This paper examines the two manners of forming reciprocal meaning in Madurese, each of which is based on elements that are used for nonreciprocal meaning. Although the two constructions appear to have little in common formally, I argue that they do share an important semantic property that makes them particularly suited to forming reciprocals. This property is that they are used to describe discrete multiple events, precisely the type of situation that obtains in reciprocal meaning. Therefore, these constructions are selected rather than other candidate constructions that show plural activity but crucially are not used for discrete multiple events. The properties of the various candidate constructions are explicitly contrasted in some detail. Finally, I demonstrate the special syntactic characteristics of the reciprocals that distinguish them from the nonreciprocal uses, properties that indicate that the reciprocals have been grammaticized.

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