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Old Bikol -um- vs. mag- and the Loss of a Morphological Paradigm

Jason William Lobel
Oceanic Linguistics
Vol. 43, No. 2 (Dec., 2004), pp. 469-497
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3623366
Page Count: 29
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Old Bikol -um- vs. mag- and the Loss of a Morphological Paradigm
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Abstract

A semantic contrast between verbs taking the -um- paradigm and those taking the mag- paradigm is known to exist in Tagalog and Waray-Waray but is virtually absent in all varieties of Bikol and most Bisayan languages. Evidence is presented from Fr. Marcos de Lisboa's seventeenth-century "Vocabulario de la Lengua Bicol" that many Old Bikol verbs had contrasting -um- and mag- conjugations. The -um- and mag- conjugations of Old Bikol are compared with those of Waray-Waray, Southern Tagalog, and Rinconada Bikol. After a discussion of the categories of semantic contrast between -um- and mag- verbs in Old Bikol, and how these contrasts were restructured in Modern Bikol, a progression of stages is proposed to explain how the -um- vs. mag- contrast has been lost in Bikol and other Central Philippine languages.

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