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Growth of Paracoccus denitrificans on [2,3-13C] Succinate and [1,4-13C] Succinate: III. Biosynthetic Pathways
R. H. Dunstan, F. R. Whatley and W. Greenaway
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Vol. 233, No. 1270 (Feb. 23, 1988), pp. 1-15
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/36257
Page Count: 15
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The biosynthesis in vivo of a number of amino acids, sugars, and purines in Paracoccus denitrificans grown on either [2,3-13C] succinate or [1,4-13C] succinate was investigated by using gas chromatography--mass spectrometry. The distribution of label in the TCA-cycle-related amino acids indicated that carbon intermediates of energy metabolism were utilized as precursors for the biosynthesis of these amino acids in vivo. The biosynthesis of glycine, serine, phenylalanine and glycerol from labelled succinate in vivo were consistent with phosphoenol pyruvate as an intermediate. A mechanism for the formation of C4, C5 and C6 sugars without the use of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (which has not been detected in P. denitrificans) is proposed. The 13C -enrichments of ribose in the bacterium indicate that there are at least three routes of ribose biosynthesis operating during growth on labelled succinate. The probability distribution of labelled purine molecules was successfully predicted for adenine, guanine and adenosine, thus confirming their generally accepted route of biosynthesis in vivo.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences © 1988 Royal Society