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Rivalry and Taking Kinsmen for Granted: Limiting Factors in the Development of Voluntary Associations
John H. Hamer
Journal of Anthropological Research
Vol. 38, No. 3 (Autumn, 1982), pp. 303-314
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629851
Page Count: 12
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This article examines the issue of the difficulty which closely related kin have in forming cooperative and self-help societies. Using the Sadama of Ethiopia as an example, it is demonstrated that the contradiction between the normative stress on amity and the actual rivalries and social inequities among close kin is partially overcome by "taking for granted" a minimal amount of cooperation from these relatives. The realities of organizing cooperative societies, however, lead to increased competitiveness, equality in decision making, and the recruitment of members on the basis of self-interest rather than altruism.
Journal of Anthropological Research © 1982 The University of Chicago Press