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Dynamic Ergosterol- and Ceramide-Rich Domains in the Peroxisomal Membrane Serve as an Organizing Platform for Peroxisome Fusion

Tatiana Boukh-Viner, Tong Guo, Alex Alexandrian, André Cerracchio, Christopher Gregg, Sandra Haile, Robert Kyskan, Svetlana Milijevic, Daniel Oren, Jonathan Solomon, Vivianne Wong, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Richard A. Rachubinski, Ann M. English and Vladimir I. Titorenko
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 168, No. 5 (Feb. 28, 2005), pp. 761-773
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3658009
Page Count: 13
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Dynamic Ergosterol- and Ceramide-Rich Domains in the Peroxisomal Membrane Serve as an Organizing Platform for Peroxisome Fusion
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Abstract

We describe unusual ergosterol- and ceramide-rich (ECR) domains in the membrane of yeast peroxisomes. Several key features of these detergent-resistant domains, including the nature of their sphingolipid constituent and its unusual distribution across the membrane bilayer, clearly distinguish them from well characterized detergent-insoluble lipid rafts in the plasma membrane. A distinct set of peroxisomal proteins, including two ATPases, Pex1p and Pex6p, as well as phosphoinositide- and GTP-binding proteins, transiently associates with the cytosolic face of ECR domains. All of these proteins are essential for the fusion of the immature peroxisomal vesicles P1 and P2, the earliest intermediates in a multistep pathway leading to the formation of mature, metabolically active peroxisomes. Peroxisome fusion depends on the lateral movement of Pex1p, Pex6p, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate-binding proteins from ECR domains to a detergent-soluble portion of the membrane, followed by their release to the cytosol. Our data suggest a model for the multistep reorganization of the multicomponent peroxisome fusion machinery that transiently associates with ECR domains.

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