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Essential Function of Drosophila Sec6 in Apical Exocytosis of Epithelial Photoreceptor Cells

Slobodan Beronja, Patrick Laprise, Ophelia Papoulas, Milena Pellikka, John Sisson and Ulrich Tepass
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 169, No. 4 (May 23, 2005), pp. 635-646
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3658166
Page Count: 12
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Essential Function of Drosophila Sec6 in Apical Exocytosis of Epithelial Photoreceptor Cells
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Abstract

Polarized exocytosis plays a major role in development and cell differentiation but the mechanisms that target exocytosis to specific membrane domains in animal cells are still poorly understood. We characterized Drosophila Sec6, a component of the exocyst complex that is believed to tether secretory vesicles to specific plasma membrane sites. sec6 mutations cause cell lethality and disrupt plasma membrane growth. In developing photoreceptor cells (PRCs), Sec6 but not Sec5 or Sec8 shows accumulation at adherens junctions. In late PRCs, Sec6, Sec5, and Sec8 colocalize at the rhabdomere, the light sensing subdomain of the apical membrane. PRCs with reduced Sec6 function accumulate secretory vesicles and fail to transport proteins to the rhabdomere, but show normal localization of proteins to the apical stalk membrane and the basolateral membrane. Furthermore, we show that Rab11 forms a complex with Sec5 and that Sec5 interacts with Sec6 suggesting that the exocyst is a Rab11 effector that facilitates protein transport to the apical rhabdomere in Drosophila PRCs.

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