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Journal Article

Optimism Biases among Brokerage and Non-Brokerage Firms' Equity Recommendations: Agency Costs in the Investment Industry

Willard T. Carleton, Carl R. Chen and Thomas L. Steiner
Financial Management
Vol. 27, No. 1 (Spring, 1998), pp. 17-30
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Financial Management Association International
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3666148
Page Count: 14
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Optimism Biases among Brokerage and Non-Brokerage Firms' Equity Recommendations: Agency Costs in the Investment Industry
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Abstract

This paper studies the investment recommendations made by brokerage and nonbrokerage firms in an effort to examine the differential agency costs across three unique recommendation production environments. Using the ACE database, recommendation production environments are categorized into national, regional, and non-brokerage firms. The results prove that differences exist between brokerage and nonbrokerage firms: 1) brokerage firms significantly inflate recommendations; 2) regional firms significantly inflate recommendations, compared to national firms; 3) brokerage firms' recommendations, compared to nonbrokerage firms' recommendations, are less credible and less predictive of future stock performance; 4) national firms have more reputational capital, and therefore, their recommendations are more predictive of investment performance than the regional brokerage firms' recommendations.

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