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Arctic-Alpine Environments and Tourism: Can Sustainability Be Planned? Lessons Learned on Svalbard

Bjørn P. Kaltenborn
Mountain Research and Development
Vol. 20, No. 1 (Feb., 2000), pp. 28-31
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3674205
Page Count: 4
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Abstract

The Arctic is a region of spectacular and diverse mountain environments. One example is the Svalbard Archipelago in the Norwegian high arctic. Despite its remote location in the Arctic Ocean, Svalbard has an astonishingly diverse economy based on coal mining, arctic research, and the island's geostrategic importance. In recent years, tourism has become increasingly important, with more than a fourfold increase in tourists from the 1970s to the 1990s. This development poses serious threats to the island's highly vulnerable arctic-alpine environment. A management plan for tourism and outdoor recreation has been prepared in recent years, with a view to safeguarding the unique environment and keeping tourism development within environmentally sustainable and commercially acceptable boundaries.

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