Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

The Energy Budget of the Brown Trout Population of Øvre Heimdalsvatn

Leif Lien
Holarctic Ecology
Vol. 1, No. 2/3, The Lake Øvre Heimdalsvatn: A Subalpine Freshwater Ecosystem (1978), pp. 279-300
Published by: Wiley on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3682694
Page Count: 22
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Energy Budget of the Brown Trout Population of Øvre Heimdalsvatn
Preview not available

Abstract

Energy pathways of a natural brown trout Salmo trutta population were constructed. The main subjects taken into account were: the biomass, calorific values and production of the population, natural mortality and annual yield, energy intake, calorific values and composition of the food, efficiency of food absorption, spawning and migration of young trout. The specific energy value of trout increased with increasing weight of the fish. An energy decrease of almost 50% was demonstrated for the spawning trout of both sexes, and the calorific values prior to spawning were not reached before the next summer. Energy intake was estimated to 6.87, 10.31, 8.42 and $9.15\ {\rm kcal}\ {\rm m}^{-2}$ lake surface for the years 1969, 1970, 1971 and 1972 respectively. Although a great number of food items were found in the trout stomachs, the four groups Gammarus lacustris, Lepidurus arcticus, Trichoptera and Chironomidae accounted for 2/3 of the total consumption. The efficiency of food absorption varied between 42 and 53%. The mean age of trout entering the lake from the nursery streams was ca. 3 yr. The annual amount of this immigration was estimated to be 0.28 and $0.24\ {\rm kcal}\ {\rm m}^{-2}$ lake surface for 1969 and 1970 respectively. Annual production of trout in the lake was estimated to be 1.46 and $2.66\ {\rm kcal}\ {\rm m}^{-2}$ respectively for the same years. For both these years balance was found between biomass at the beginning of the year plus immigration of young and total production, minus catch by man, natural mortality and spawning on the one hand and biomass at the end of the year on the other hand.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
279
    279
  • Thumbnail: Page 
280
    280
  • Thumbnail: Page 
281
    281
  • Thumbnail: Page 
282
    282
  • Thumbnail: Page 
283
    283
  • Thumbnail: Page 
284
    284
  • Thumbnail: Page 
285
    285
  • Thumbnail: Page 
286
    286
  • Thumbnail: Page 
287
    287
  • Thumbnail: Page 
288
    288
  • Thumbnail: Page 
289
    289
  • Thumbnail: Page 
290
    290
  • Thumbnail: Page 
291
    291
  • Thumbnail: Page 
292
    292
  • Thumbnail: Page 
293
    293
  • Thumbnail: Page 
294
    294
  • Thumbnail: Page 
295
    295
  • Thumbnail: Page 
296
    296
  • Thumbnail: Page 
297
    297
  • Thumbnail: Page 
298
    298
  • Thumbnail: Page 
299
    299
  • Thumbnail: Page 
300
    300