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Journal Article

Upon Whom Should the Burden Fall to Establish the Validity of an Alteration in an Instrument?

J. Hamilton Cheston
University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register
Vol. 68, No. 3 (Mar., 1920), pp. 264-269
DOI: 10.2307/3694217
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3694217
Page Count: 6
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Notes and References

This item contains 19 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Miller v. Austen, 54 U. S. 218 (1851)
    • First National Bank v. Stapf, 165 Ind. 162, 74 N. E. 987 (1905)
    • Hanna v. Manufacturers Trust Co., 104 App. Div. N. Y. 900, 93 N. Y. S. 304 (1905)
    • Lamar Drug Co. v. National Bank of Albany, 127 Ga. 448, 56 S. E. 486 (1906)
    • Kavanaugh v. Bank of America, 239 Ill. 404, 88 N. E. 171 (1909)
    • Kushner v. Abbott, 156 Iowa 598, 137 N. W. 913 (1912).
  • 2
    174 Fed. 345 (1909).
  • 3
    Sec. 124b.
  • 4
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Cape Ann National Bank v. Burns, 129 Mass. 596 (1880)
    • Fordyce v. Kosmininski, 49 Ark. 40 (1886)
    • Burrows v. Klink, 700 Md. 451, 17 Atl. 378 (1889)
    • Heard v. Tappan, 116 Ga. 930, 43 S. E. 375 (1902).
  • 5
    Sec. 125.
  • 6
    Sec. 52. (I).
  • 7
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Elias v. Whitney, 50 Misc. N. Y. 326, 98 N. Y. S. 667 (1906)
    • Pensacola Bank v. Melton, 210 Fed. 57 (1913)
    • Farmers State Bank v. West, 77 Ore. 602, 152 Pac. 238 (1915).
  • 8
    Harrison v. Pearcey, 174 Ky. 485, 192 S. W. 513 (1917).
  • 10
    Wheat v. Arnold, 36 Ga. 479 (1867)
  • 11
    400 Minn. 531, 42 N. W. 467 (1889).
  • 12
    Doe dem. Titmouse v. Aubrey, reported in Samuel Warren's "Ten Thousand a Year. "
  • 13
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Cochran v. Nebeker et al., 48 Ind. 459 (1874)
    • Wilson v. Hayes, 40 Minn. 531, 42 N. W. 467 (1889)
    • Franklin v. Baker, 48 Ohio St. 296, 27 N. E. 550 (1891)
    • Portsmouth Savings Bank v. Wilson, S. App. D. C. 8 (1894)
    • Richard- son v. Fellner, 9 Okla. 513, 60 Pac. 270 (1900).
  • 14
    Luna v. Montoya, 184 Pac. 533 (New Mexico, 1919)
  • 15
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Knight v. Clemens, 7 L. J. Q. B. N. S. 144 (Eng., 1838)
    • Wheat v. Arnold, 36 Ga. 479 (1867)
    • Slater v. Moore, 86 Va. 26, 9 S. E. 419 (1889)
    • Est. of Nagle, 134 Pa. 31, 19 Atl. 434 (1890)
    • Ehrenkrook v. Webber, 100 Mich. 314, 58 N. W. 665 (1894).
    • Elias v. Whitney, supra
  • 16
    Walters v. Short, 110 III. 252 (1848).
  • 17
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Vaughan v. Fowler, 14 S. C. 355 (1880)
    • Croswell v. Labree, 81 Me. 44, 16 Atl. 331 (1888)
    • Maguire v. Eichmeier, log Iowa 301, 800 N. W. 395 (1899)
    • Merritt v. Boyden, 191 III. 136, 60 N. E. 907 (1901).
  • 18
    28 Pa. Super. Ct. 619 (1905)
  • 19
    Harris v. The Bank of Jacksonville, 22 Fla. 501, I So. 14 (1886).
  • 20
    Desbrow v. Weatherly, 6 Car & P. 758 (Eng., 1834).