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The Effects of Group Stereotypes on Adolescents' Reasoning about Peer Retribution

Ronald O. Pitner, Ron Avi Astor, Rami Benbenishty, Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia and Anat Zeira
Child Development
Vol. 74, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 2003), pp. 413-425
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3696321
Page Count: 13
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The Effects of Group Stereotypes on Adolescents' Reasoning about Peer Retribution
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Abstract

This study examined the effects of negative group stereotypes on adolescents' reasoning about peer retribution. The sample of adolescents was drawn from central and northern Israel and consisted of 2,604 Arab and Jewish students (ages 13-17; grades 7-11). A quasi-experimental, between-subject design was used, in which the students in each grade were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 peer retribution scenarios. The findings provide evidence that Arab and Jewish students have stereotypes about one another and that in-group bias affected their approval and reasoning about peer retribution only in specific situations. This inquiry provides evidence that it was the number of justifications endorsed within a specific domain that distinguished Arab and Jewish respondents. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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