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Life History of Pardosa Moesta and Pardosa mackenziana (Araneae, Lycosidae) in Central Alberta, Canada
Christopher M. Buddle
The Journal of Arachnology
Vol. 28, No. 3 (2000), pp. 319-328
Published by: American Arachnological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3706207
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Spiders, Female animals, Eggs, Clutch size, Species, Immatures, Wolves, Ecological life histories, Reproduction, Density estimation
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The density, fecundity, and life-cycle of Pardosa moesta Banks 1892 and Pardosa mackenziana (Keyserling 1877) were studied in a deciduous forest in central Alberta, Canada. Density estimates were lower than reported for other Pardosa species; they ranged from 0.46 per m2 for male P. mackenziana to 2.99 per m2 for immature P. mackenziana. Adult female densities were below 1 per m2 for both species. Clutch sizes were highly variable and averaged (± SE) 33.06 ± 1.29 for P. moesta and 48.37 ± 1.67 for P. mackenziana. Although clutch size was positively related to female size, little of the variation was adequately explained by female size alone. Several lines of evidence suggest that P. moesta and P. mackenziana require two years to mature in central Alberta, with a peak reproductive period in May and June. Females carry egg sacs into the summer months and immature spiders overwinter following the first growing season when they are still less than 5 mg in weight. After a second summer of growth, sub-adults overwinter and maturation occurs early in the spring.
The Journal of Arachnology © 2000 American Arachnological Society