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Notes and References
This item contains 25 references.
1This reference contains 3 citations:
- Stephen J. DeCanio, Agriculture in the Postbellum South: The Economy of Production and Supply (Cambridge, Mass,: The MIT Press, 1975)
- Robert Higgs, Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American Economy, 1865–1914 (New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1977)
- Roger L. Ransom and Richard Sutch, One Kind of Freedom: The Economic Consequences of Emancipation (New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1977)
3"Sequel to Slavery: The New History Views the Postbellum South," Journal of Southern History43 (November1977): 523, 550.
5Ralph Shlomowitz, "The Transition from Slave to Freedman Labor Arrangements in South¬ ern Agriculture, 1865-1870," Journal of Economic History39 (March1979)
6This reference contains 2 citations:
- Joel Williamson, After Slavery: The Negro in South Carolina During Re- construction: 1861–1877 (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1965), 126-42
- Peter Kolchin, First Freedom: The Responses of Alabama's Blacks to Emanci- pation and Reconstruction (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1972), 30-48
7This reference contains 3 citations:
- Joel Williamson has suggested that the decline in the demand for Bureau- approved contracts during 1867
- 1868 was an indicator of the "success of the pro- gram"
- After Slavery, 95
8This reference contains 2 citations:
- Orangeburg, January 1866
- Marion, October 1867
11This reference contains 4 citations:
- Southern Cultivator23 : 180
- ibid. 24 : 4
- S. Andrews, The South Since the War [Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1866], 99
- USDA Annual Report, 1867, p. 417
12Ransom and Sutch, One Kind of Freedom, 89.
13USDA Annual Report, 1876, p. 152
14This reference contains 3 citations:
- After Slavery, 128, note 8
- One Kind of Freedom, 60–61, 90, 94
- One Kind of Freedom, 68, 88, 97
16Gavin Wright, "The Economics of Cotton in the Antebellum South" (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1969), 120–21, 127
17Southern Cultivator23 (1865): 180.
18Jacob Metzer, "Rational Management, Modern Business Practices, and Econ- omies of Scale in the Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations," Explorations in Economic History12 (April1975): 138.
19This reference contains 3 citations:
- Woodman, "Sequel to Slavery," 551
- Williamson, After Slavery, 133
- Ransom and Sutch, One Kind of Freedom, 60, 94
20Ransom and Sutch, One Kind of Freedom, 330, note 17.
21South- ern Cultivator23 : 180-81
22This reference contains 2 citations:
- A. Alchian and H. Demsetz, "Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization," American Economic Review62 (December1972): 777-95
- O. E. Wiiliamson, Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications: A Study in the Economics of Internal Organization (New York: The Free Press, 1975), chap. 3
23This reference contains 2 citations:
- M. Argyle, The Social Psychology of Work (London: Penguin Books, 1976), 40-41
- A. K. Rice, Productivity and Social Organization: The Ahmedabad Ex- periment. Technical Innovation, Work Organization, and Management (London: Tavistock Publications, 1958), 36-38
24Metzer, "Rational Management."
25my paper "The Squad System on Postbellum Cotton Plantations," in Southern Communities in the Nineteenth Century, ed. Robert McMath and Vernon Burton (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, forthcoming)
26This reference contains 2 citations:
- Ransom and Sutch, One Kind of Freedom, 100, 219
- Ransom and Sutch, One Kind of Freedom, 84
27Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman, Time on the Cross: The Eco- nomics of American Negro Slavery, 2 vols. (Boston: Little Brown, 1974).
28This reference contains 2 citations:
- Southern Cultivator29 : 370
- ibid. 38 : 444–45
30This reference contains 2 citations:
- Ralph Shlomowitz, "Teamwork and Incentives: The Origins and Develop- ment of the Butty Gang System in Queensland's Sugar Industry, 1891-1913," Journal of Comparative Economics3 (March1979)
- Shlomowitz, "The Search for Insti- tutional Equilibrium in Queensland's Sugar Industry, 1884-1913," Australian Eco- nomic History Review19 (September1979)
32Lance E. Davis and Douglass E. North, Institutional Change and American Economic Growth (New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1971), 263