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Laccaria laccata Complex in North America and Sweden: Intercollection Pairing and Morphometric Analyses

Gregory M. Mueller
Mycologia
Vol. 83, No. 5 (Sep. - Oct., 1991), pp. 578-594
DOI: 10.2307/3760213
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3760213
Page Count: 17
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Laccaria laccata Complex in North America and Sweden: Intercollection Pairing and Morphometric Analyses
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Abstract

Three intersterility groups, as well as several stocks which were intersterile with all other stocks, were detected among isolates obtained from North American collections referable to the Laccaria laccata complex. Members of these intersterility groups were intersterile with both of the intersterility groups previously identified among tested Swedish isolates referable to L. laccata sensu lato. Genetic divergence was detected between each of the four intersterility groups included in analyses of restriction fragment length polymorphisms of mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA. Multivariate morphometric analyses, however, only revealed a close correlation between basidioma morphology and intercollection pairing reactions in some cases. The following taxa are recognized from North America based on these studies: L. laccata var. laccata, L. laccata var. pallidifolia, L. longipes, L. montana, L. ohiensis (= L. tetraspora) and L. striatula. The tested Swedish material is referable to L. laccata var. moelleri and, putatively, L. laccata var. pallidifolia and L. ohiensis. These studies demonstrate the importance of using a variety of character sets for investigating taxonomic and biological problems in agarics that form ectomycorrhizae.

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