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Molecular Phylogeny of Northern Hemisphere Species of Armillaria

James B. Anderson and Elida Stasovski
Mycologia
Vol. 84, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1992), pp. 505-516
DOI: 10.2307/3760315
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3760315
Page Count: 12
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Molecular Phylogeny of Northern Hemisphere Species of Armillaria
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Abstract

This study used polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing of double-stranded DNA to compare the intergenic region between the 3′ end of the 26S gene and the 5S gene of the nuclear, ribosomal DNA of several northern hemisphere species of Armillaria. The aligned sequences were scored for base substitutions and phylogenetic relationships among species were analyzed by parsimony. We concluded 1) that the intergenic region sequences of A. ostoyae, A. gemina, and A. borealis are more closely related to one another than to any other species; 2) that the intergenic region sequences of A. lutea, A. calvescens, A. cepistipes, A. sinapina, species IX and species X constitute a closely related group distinguishable from those of A. ostoyae, A. boralis, and A. gemina by a significant number of substitutions; and 3) that the morphological divergence in A. mellea and A. tabescens relative to the majority of northern hemisphere species and to each other has been roughly paralleled by divergence in the intergenic region, which aligned poorly in all interspecies comparisons including A. mellea and A. tabescens. A byproduct of this study was the identification of several substitutions in the intergenic region sequence that could potentially provide the basis for rapid species diagnosis.

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