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The Anise-like Odor of Clitocybe odora, Lentinellus cochleatus and Agaricus essettei

Sylvie Rapior, Sophie Breheret, Thierry Talou, Yves Pélissier and Jean-Marie Bessière
Mycologia
Vol. 94, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2002), pp. 373-376
DOI: 10.2307/3761770
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3761770
Page Count: 4
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The Anise-like Odor of Clitocybe odora, Lentinellus cochleatus and Agaricus essettei
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Abstract

The fruiting bodies of fresh and wild Clitocybe odora, Lentinellus cochleatus and Agaricus essettei were investigated for volatile compounds by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis using hydrodistillation and solvent extraction techniques. The three mushroom species are well known to possess anise odors. The main volatile compounds of the three species were aromatic derivatives. Anise fragrance was due either to a single impact aroma compound, or to mixtures of volatile constituents. p-Anisaldehyde was identified as the key odorous component responsible for the pure anise fragrance of C. odora. p-Anisaldehyde, methyl p-anisate, methyl (Z)-p-methoxycinnamate and methyl (E)-p-methoxycinnamate were responsible for the aniseed smell of L. cochleatus. Benzaldehyde and benzyl alcohol may contribute to the anise-like odor of A. essettei.

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