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Health Care Characteristics Associated with Women's Satisfaction with Prenatal Care

Arden Handler, Deborah Rosenberg, Kristiana Raube and Michele A. Kelley
Medical Care
Vol. 36, No. 5 (May, 1998), pp. 679-694
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3767405
Page Count: 16
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Health Care Characteristics Associated with Women's Satisfaction with Prenatal Care
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Abstract

Objectives. The objective of this study was to explore the relation between prenatal care characteristics and satisfaction among Medicaid recipients. Methods. African-American (n = 75) and Mexican-American (n = 26) nonadolescent primiparous pregnant women who had at least three prenatal care visits participated in a 25-minute telephone survey that asked them about satisfaction with prenatal care (art of care, technical quality, physical environment, access, availability and efficacy); prenatal care characteristics (practitioner attributes, service availability, and features of the delivery of care); and, personal characteristics (sociodemographics, health status and behaviors, and pregnancy-related variables). Univariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to explore the relations between personal characteristics and satisfaction and between care characteristics and satisfaction. Results. For the overall sample, the following prenatal care characteristics were associated with increased satisfaction: having procedures explained by the provider, short waiting times at the prenatal care site, the availability of ancillary services, and reporting that the prenatal care practitioner was male. When examining the data by ethnicity, whether the provider explained procedures was the most important determinant of satisfaction for both African-American and Mexican-American women. Conclusions. Knowledge of the care characteristics that impact low-income pregnant women's satisfaction can be utilized to alter service delivery to increase use of prenatal care and ultimately to improve perinatal outcomes.

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