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L'habitat immigré à Paris aux XIXe et XXe siècles: mondes à part?

Marie-Claude Blanc-Chaléard
Le Mouvement social
No. 182, L'habitat du Peuple de Paris (Jan. - Mar., 1998), pp. 29-50
DOI: 10.2307/3779183
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3779183
Page Count: 22
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
L'habitat immigré à Paris aux XIXe et XXe siècles: mondes à part?
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Abstract

En s'appuyant sur l'analyse de localisations et sur l'étude des pratiques urbaines, l'article s'efforce de décrire la manière d'habiter des immigrés en région parisienne de la fin du XIXe siècle aux années 1960. Pendant une longue période, les contraintes de l'habitat populaire se joignent aux habitudes d'échanges sociaux multiples pour rendre difficile la constitution de mondes à part dans le cœur de la ville. En banlieue, les regroupements immigrés, plus facilement identifiables, s'intègrent au mouvement d'ensemble de la population parisienne, spatial, social et même politique. La proximité, voire la confusion, entre habitat immigré et habitat populaire se prolonge jusque dans les années 1960. Dès lors se produit une rupture. Les transformations de l'habitat et le changement des comportements populaires créent une distance inédite entre les conditions de vie des nouveaux immigrés et celles de la population d'accueil. /// Through the study of localisations and of urban practices, this article wants to describe how foreign migrants used to live in the Parisian housing background from the end of the nineteenth century to the 1960's. During a long period, the constraints of people's housing and the customs of intense social exchanges made the formation of separate foreigners' worlds difficult in the core of the city. Immigrants' groupings were more visible in the suburbs, but became integrated in the Parisian population's general movement, in its spatial, social and even political aspects. The proximity, sometimes even the confusion, between immigrants' housing and local people's housing can be followed until the 1960's. A break came at this moment. The transformations of housing and the changes in the popular way of life created a new distance between the immigrants of the sixties and the Parisian population.

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