Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Evaluation of an Animal-Activated Scarecrow and a Monofilament Fence for Reducing Deer Use of Soybean Fields

Jeff Beringer, Kurt C. VerCauteren and Joshua J. Millspaugh
Wildlife Society Bulletin (1973-2006)
Vol. 31, No. 2 (Summer, 2003), pp. 492-498
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3784330
Page Count: 7
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Evaluation of an Animal-Activated Scarecrow and a Monofilament Fence for Reducing Deer Use of Soybean Fields
Preview not available

Abstract

We measured the efficacy of an animal-activated scarecrow (AAS) and a 5-strand monofilament fence (MF) at reducing white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) use of 0.4-ha soybean plots in Missouri, USA. Our study design consisted of 9 soybean plots; 3 served as controls, 3 were surrounded by an MF, and 3 were surrounded by an AAS. Data collected for each protected plot included soybean height and weight taken from within and immediately adjacent to 10 unprotected, equally spaced 1- m2 exclosures. A measure of deer use for each plot was collected with video cameras. A mixed-effects analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that heights of protected and unprotected soybean plants were significantly different for MF plots ($F_{2}=93.6$ P=0.01) and controls ($F_{2}=47.6$ P=0.02) but not different for AAS plots ($F_{2}=2.16$ P=0.272). Soybean plants in AAS plots were heavier than those from MF or control plots ($F_{2}=10.2$ P=0.01). Plant weight differences in protected and unprotected areas for AAS plots were less than those from MF plots ($t_{6}=2.55$ P=0.04) or control plots ($t_{6}=4.46$ P=0.004). Plant weight differences between MF and control plots were marginally significant ($t_{6}=1.192$ P=0.10). Deer spent less time in AAS plots than MF ($t_{6}=2.55$ P=0.04) or control plots ($t_{6}=2.55$ P=0.01). Scarecrow activations increased over time in all 3 AAS plots (all 95% confidence intervals >0), suggesting that deer were habituating to the devices. We suggest that AAS may be useful for short-term deterrence of deer from small areas.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
492
    492
  • Thumbnail: Page 
493
    493
  • Thumbnail: Page 
494
    494
  • Thumbnail: Page 
495
    495
  • Thumbnail: Page 
496
    496
  • Thumbnail: Page 
497
    497
  • Thumbnail: Page 
498
    498