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Procreative Compounds: Popular Eugenics, Artificial Insemination and the Rise of the Americn Sperm Banking Industry

Cynthia R. Daniels and Janet Golden
Journal of Social History
Vol. 38, No. 1 (Autumn, 2004), pp. 5-27
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3790025
Page Count: 23
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Procreative Compounds: Popular Eugenics, Artificial Insemination and the Rise of the Americn Sperm Banking Industry
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Abstract

The article traces the origins of arrangements for artificial insemination in the United States and their evolution into the current array of sperm banks. The article simultaneously analyzes the assumptions about donor selection, that developed initially in relation to popular eugenic concepts and that have displayed strong continuities in more recent decades. By the end of the 20th century consumer beliefs, initially stimulated by physicians but now operating as an independent factor, strongly shaped sperm bank practices on the basis of misguided but deeply-rooted beliefs about heredity.

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