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Journal Article

Factors Influencing the Development of the Hostage Identification Syndrome

James T. Turner
Political Psychology
Vol. 6, No. 4 (Dec., 1985), pp. 705-711
DOI: 10.2307/3791024
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3791024
Page Count: 7
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Factors Influencing the Development of the Hostage Identification Syndrome
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Abstract

The Hostage Identification Syndrome (HIS) is often referred to as blindly being in the hostage's favor. In fact, the relationship between captor and captive develops as a two-way interchange. It may be directed toward either of the participants. This article examines seven factors that influence the HIS: face-to-face contact, timing of violence, language, sophistication, cultural value structure, stereotypes, and time. Each factor is considered in terms of its role and contribution toward development or nondevelopment of the syndrome.

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