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Variations of Monomethylhydrazine Content in Gyromitra esculenta
Claude Andary, Guy Privat and Marie-Jo Bourrier
Vol. 77, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1985), pp. 259-264
Published by: Mycological Society of America
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3793077
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Toxicity, Hydrazines, Fruiting bodies, Dosage, Room temperature, Lethal dose 50, Altitude, Freezing, Tumors, Evolution
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Monomethylhydrazine (MMH), a toxic constituent of Gyromitra esculenta, has been titrated according to the harvest site, the lapse time prior to analysis, and the different ways of preservation of the ascocarps. Thus, Gyromitras collected at a middle altitude are richer in MMH than those collected at high altitude. Desiccation for more than one month at room temperature yields the lowest amounts of MMH. A prolonged desiccation resulted in the MMH proportion stabilizing around values which correspond with a stable and non-volatile combination of the hydrazine in the fruit body. Freezing and then thawing activate the liberation of MMH. Moreover, this hydrazine has been identified for the first time in other Helvellaceae and in Geoglossaceae.
Mycologia © 1985 Mycological Society of America