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A total of 129 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from the Welder Refuge, near Sinton, San Patricio County, Texas, were cursorily checked for endoparasites. The large American liver fluke (Fascioloides magna) occurred in 67 percent of the males and 47 percent of the females examined over a 22-month period. Nematodes found included three genera: Ostertagia, Strongyloides, and Trichostrongylus. There also was one blood sporozoan, Theileria sp. Nose bots, Cephenemyia spp., were found in 23 of 62 deer necropsied between late August and early March. Screwworms, larvae of Callitroga hominivorax, ceased to be a hazard to deer fawns following initiation of the USDA screwworm fly control program.
The Journal of Wildlife Management © 1967 Wiley