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Sustaining Values of Emergency Foods for Bobwhites

Charles F. Newlon, Thomas S. Baskett, Robert P. Breitenbach and Jack A. Stanford
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 1964), pp. 532-542
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3798205
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3798205
Page Count: 11
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Sustaining Values of Emergency Foods for Bobwhites
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Abstract

Sustaining values of foods that might be useful to bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) under emergency conditions were tested by feeding penned bobwhites single foods during fall and winter and observing their survival and condition. In the pilot study, 11 foods were tested for 38 days; 132 bobwhites of mixed sex and age-groups were employed. In the principal study, 6 of these foods were tested for 14 days on 84 young birds of both sexes. On the basis of food consumption, weight performance, depot fat, lipid levels, and other physiological measures, pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), foxtail millet (Setaria italica), and milo (Sorgum vulgare) had the highest sustaining values among the foods tested. Their values exceeded those of such well-known winter staples for bobwhites as corn (Zea mays) and Korean lespedeza (Lespedeza stipulacea). Sericea (Lespedeza cuneata), rose (Rosa multiflora) hips, and smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) ranked lowest.

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