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Economic Returns from Timber and Wildlife on Northeastern Farmlands

Hays B. Gamble and Ronald A. Bartoo
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1963), pp. 457-466
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3798520
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3798520
Page Count: 10
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Economic Returns from Timber and Wildlife on Northeastern Farmlands
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Abstract

A study of 18 farms in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in 1961, showed that net annual timber returns amounted to approximately $330 per farm. This compares with annual returns of about $257 per farm for farmers providing room and board for hunters, $42 for farmers leasing hunting rights, and $26 for those allowing fee hunting. While timber returned a gross of about $5.24 per acre per year, returns from deer under total forest conditions averaged approximately 95 cents per acre per year. All forms of wildlife included, total wildlife returns to the county were approximately one-quarter that of timber. Deer and hunter damage costs of $200 per farm per year stimulated an increase in gross revenue to the county of about $546 per farm. In Sullivan County, private landowners have little economic justification for making expenditures towards the improvement of wildlife habitat or hunting opportunity. Resource allocation to privately owned forest land should be made to production of timber rather than of wildlife if the objective is profit maximization.

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