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Feed Grain Program Related to Pheasant Production in Wisconsin

John M. Gates and Gary E. Ostrom
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 30, No. 3 (Jul., 1966), pp. 612-617
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3798756
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3798756
Page Count: 6
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Feed Grain Program Related to Pheasant Production in Wisconsin
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Abstract

A pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) nesting study was conducted on 12 square miles of intensively farmed land in east-central Wisconsin during 1961-64. Under the Government Feed Grain Program during this period, 4.3 percent of the area was retired from agricultural production, of which about half was occupied by cover types suitable for pheasant nesting. At least a 10-percent increase in pheasant production could be attributed to the Program. Nest densities and hatching success on Program lands equaled or exceeded those in other cover types. On the average, 17 percent of the area's successful nests were located in retired cropland. To improve pheasant production on such lands, it is recommended (1) that quantity and quality of nesting cover be increased; (2) that clipping be delayed until after mid-July and only necessary clipping be done; and (3) that longer-term contracts for land retirement be provided.

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