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Rumen Overload and Rumenitis in White-Tailed Deer

G. Wobeser and W. Runge
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul., 1975), pp. 596-600
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3800403
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3800403
Page Count: 5
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Rumen Overload and Rumenitis in White-Tailed Deer
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Abstract

Rumenitis was diagnosed on the basis of histopathology in 30 of 108 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) found dead during a severe winter in Saskatchewan. Rumenitis or rumen overload was considered to be the cause of death of 5 of these deer, and to have contributed to the death of 4 others (8.3 percent of the deer examined). Grain (wheat or barley) was present in the rumen of 76.7 percent of deer with rumenitis compared to 22.8 percent of deer in which rumenitis was not found. The pathology of the disease was similar to that found in domestic animals. The disease may be an important cause of mortality among deer consuming large quantities of food high in carbohydrate either by preference or because of unavailability of other food.

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