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Prehistoric Biogeography of White-Tailed Deer in Washington and Oregon

Stephanie D. Livingston
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 51, No. 3 (Jul., 1987), pp. 649-654
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3801284
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3801284
Page Count: 6
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Prehistoric Biogeography of White-Tailed Deer in Washington and Oregon
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Abstract

White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations declined after 1875 in Washington and Oregon, and now appear to be expanding into territory they had not occupied in historic times. I used discriminant analysis to distinguish white-tailed from mule deer (O. hemionus) mandibles from 24 archaeological sites, allowing reconstruction of the prehistoric distribution of white-tailed deer. The prehistoric distribution shows that the post-1875 population decline may have been part of a long-term cycle, rather than a purely historical phenomenon associated with Euroamerican settlement.

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