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Capsicum Oleoresin as an Elephant Repellent: Field Trials in the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe

Ferrel V. Osborn
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jul., 2002), pp. 674-677
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3803133
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3803133
Page Count: 4
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Capsicum Oleoresin as an Elephant Repellent: Field Trials in the Communal Lands of Zimbabwe
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Abstract

Elephants (Loxodonta africana) destroy subsistence crops and threaten the livelihoods of rural farmers across Africa. In an effort to formulate a nonlethal repellent and a method of application, tests were conducted with a capsicum oleoresin spray in the communal lands of Zimbabwe. The time taken to repel elephants from fields by farmers using methods currently available was compared with a capsicum oleoresin repellent. Elephants were repelled from fields significantly faster by the capsicum oleoresin spray than by traditional methods. A number of issues regarding crop loss due to elephants are discussed.

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