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Habitat Selection by Snowshoe Hares in North Central Minnesota

Pamela J. Pietz and John R. Tester
The Journal of Wildlife Management
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul., 1983), pp. 686-696
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Wildlife Society
DOI: 10.2307/3808604
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3808604
Page Count: 11
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Habitat Selection by Snowshoe Hares in North Central Minnesota
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Abstract

Sixteen snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) were radiotracked between December 1977 and June 1979 in a 10-km2 area containing several upland and lowland habitat types. Radiolocations, winter track surveys, browse surveys, and pellet counts provided information on habitat use and selection. Overall trends included an avoidance of open habitats of all types, an increase in use of upland types at night and in the spring, and a correlation between intensity of hare use and percent cover of shrubs over 1 m tall. Individual hares varied considerably in patterns of habitat use. Nine of 16 radio-tagged hares were most often in lowland habitat types; 4 were most frequently in edge types. Habitat selection was strongest for alder (Alnus spp.) fen, upland-alder edge, and conifer bogs.

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