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Studies on Louping-Ill Virus (Flavivirus Group) in Wild Red Grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus)
H. W. Reid, J. S. Duncan, J. D. P. Phillips, R. Moss and A. Watson
The Journal of Hygiene
Vol. 81, No. 2 (Oct., 1978), pp. 321-329
Published by: Cambridge University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3862561
Page Count: 9
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Studies were made to find evidence of louping-ill virus infection in free-living red grouse and relate this to their breeding success. In areas where ticks were abundant 61 (84%) adult grouse had antibody to the virus compared with 1 (10%) in areas where ticks were relatively scarce. Of 162 chicks tested 25 were shown to be viraemic. Infected chicks were of significantly less weight than comparably aged uninfected birds and the probability that they died was much greater than that of uninfected birds. It is concluded that the relatively poor breeding success in areas of high tick numbers was principally due to infection with louping-ill virus. The susceptibility of the red grouse to infection is discussed.
The Journal of Hygiene © 1978 Cambridge University Press