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Cell-Specific Expression of the Carrot EP2 Lipid Transfer Protein Gene

Peter Sterk, Hilbert Booij, Gerard A. Schellekens, Ab Van Kammen and Sacco C. De Vries
The Plant Cell
Vol. 3, No. 9 (Sep., 1991), pp. 907-921
DOI: 10.2307/3869154
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3869154
Page Count: 15
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Cell-Specific Expression of the Carrot EP2 Lipid Transfer Protein Gene
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Abstract

A cDNA corresponding to a 10-kD protein, designated extracellular protein 2 (EP2), that is secreted by embryogenic cell cultures of carrot was obtained by expression screening. The derived protein sequence and antisera against heterologous plant lipid transfer proteins identified the EP2 protein as a lipid transfer protein. Protein gel blot analysis showed that the EP2 protein is present in cell walls and conditioned medium of cell cultures. RNA gel blot analysis revealed that the EP2 gene is expressed in embryogenic cell cultures, the shoot apex of seedlings, developing flowers, and maturing seeds. In situ hybridization showed expression of the EP2 gene in protoderm cells of somatic and zygotic embryos and transient expression in epidermis cells of leaf primordia and all flower organs. In the shoot apical meristem, expression is found in the tunica and lateral zone. In maturing seeds, the EP2 gene is expressed in the outer epidermis of the integument, the seed coat, and the pericarp epidermis, as well as transiently in between both mericarps. Based on the extracellular location of the EP2 protein and the expression pattern of the encoding gene, we propose a role for plant lipid transfer proteins in the transport of cutin monomers through the extracellular matrix to sites of cutin synthesis.

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