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Metabolic Repression of Transcription in Higher Plants
The Plant Cell
Vol. 2, No. 10 (Oct., 1990), pp. 1027-1038
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3869242
Page Count: 12
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Using freshly isolated maize mesophyll protoplasts and a transient expression method, I showed that the transcriptional activity of seven maize photosynthetic gene promoters is specifically and coordinately repressed by the photosynthetic end products sucrose and glucose and by the exogenous carbon source acetate. Analysis of deleted, mutated, and hybrid promoters showed that sugars and acetate inhibit the activity of distinct positive upstream regulatory elements without a common consensus. The metabolic repression of photosynthetic genes overrides other forms of regulation, e.g., light, tissue type, and developmental stage. Repression by sugars and repression by acetate are mediated by different mechanisms. The identification of conditions that avoid sugar repression overcomes a major obstacle to the study of photosynthetic gene regulation in higher plants.
The Plant Cell © 1990 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)