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Chloroplast RNA Stability in Chlamydomonas: Rapid Degradation of psbB and psbC Transcripts in Two Nuclear Mutants

Leslie E. Sieburth, Sandy Berry-Lowe and Gregory W. Schmidt
The Plant Cell
Vol. 3, No. 2 (Feb., 1991), pp. 175-189
DOI: 10.2307/3869287
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3869287
Page Count: 15
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Chloroplast RNA Stability in Chlamydomonas: Rapid Degradation of psbB and psbC Transcripts in Two Nuclear Mutants
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Abstract

Toward understanding regulation of chloroplast transcript abundance, we have isolated and analyzed nuclear mutant strains of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that lack chloroplast-encoded mRNAs for photosystem II proteins. Mutant 6.2z5 accumulates no transcripts of the psbC locus for the 43-kilodalton chlorophyll-binding protein. In mutant GE2.10, transcripts of psbB, encoding the 47-kilodalton chlorophyll-binding protein, cannot be detected [Jensen, K.H., Herrin, D.L., Plumley, F.G., and Schmidt, G.W. (1986). J. Cell Biol. 103, 1315-1325]. Also, GE2.10 does not accumulate several low molecular weight transcripts from a region of the chloroplast genome proximal to psbB. The levels of mRNAs from other chloroplast genes are not affected in either mutant. Chloroplast transcription was analyzed in permeabilized cells and by in vivo pulse labeling. Although 5′ ribonuclease was found as an artifactual activity of permeabilized cells, the results from both assays demonstrated that wild-type levels of psbC transcription occur in mutant 6.2z5 and that chloroplasts of GE2.10 transcribe psbB and adjacent genes. Thus, it appears that the nuclear genes that are mutated in 6.2z5 and GE2.10 encode products that, respectively, confer stability to transcripts from the psbC and the psbB regions of the chloroplast genome.

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