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Different Roles of Flowering-Time Genes in the Activation of Floral Initiation Genes in Arabidopsis

Leonor Ruiz-García, Francisco Madueño, Mark Wilkinson, George Haughn, Julio Salinas and José M. Martínez-Zapater
The Plant Cell
Vol. 9, No. 11 (Nov., 1997), pp. 1921-1934
DOI: 10.2307/3870554
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3870554
Page Count: 14
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Different Roles of Flowering-Time Genes in the Activation of Floral Initiation Genes in Arabidopsis
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Abstract

We have analyzed double mutants that combine late-flowering mutations at four flowering-time loci (FVE, FPA, FWA, and FT) with mutations at the LEAFY (LFY), APETALA1 (AP1), and TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) loci involved in the floral initiation process (FLIP). Double mutants between ft-1 or fwa-1 and lfy-6 completely lack flowerlike structures, indicating that both FWA and FT act redundantly with LFY to control AP1. Moreover, the phenotypes of ft-1 ap1-1 and fwa-1 ap1-1 double mutants are reminiscent of the phenotype of ap1-1 cal-1 double mutants, suggesting that FWA and FT could also be involved in the control of other FLIP genes. Such extreme phenotypes were not observed in double mutants between fve-2 or fpa-1 and lfy-6 or ap1-1. Each of these showed a phenotype similar to that of ap1-1 or lfy-6 mutants grown under noninductive photoperiods, suggesting a redundant interaction with FLIP genes. Finally, the phenotype of double mutants combining the late-flowering mutations with tfl1-2 were also consistent with the different roles of flowering-time genes.

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