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Chloroplast Development at Low Temperatures Requires a Homolog of DIM1, a Yeast Gene Encoding the 18S rRNA Dimethylase

James G. Tokuhisa, Perumal Vijayan, Kenneth A. Feldmann and John A. Browse
The Plant Cell
Vol. 10, No. 5 (May, 1998), pp. 699-711
DOI: 10.2307/3870658
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3870658
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Chloroplast Development at Low Temperatures Requires a Homolog of DIM1, a Yeast Gene Encoding the 18S rRNA Dimethylase
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Abstract

Poikilothermic organisms require mechanisms that allow survival at chilling temperatures (2 to 15°C). We have isolated chilling-sensitive mutants of Arabidopsis, a plant that is very chilling resistant, and are characterizing them to understand the genes involved in chilling resistance. The T-DNA-tagged mutant paleface1 (pfc1) grows normally at 22°C but at 5°C exhibits a pattern of chilling-induced chlorosis consistent with a disruption of chloroplast development. Genomic DNA flanking the T-DNA was cloned and used to isolate wild-type genomic and cDNA clones. The PFC1 transcript is present at a low level in wild-type plants and was not detected in pfc1 plants. Wild-type Arabidopsis expressing antisense constructs of PFC1 grew normally at 22°C but showed chilling-induced chlorosis, confirming that the gene is essential for low-temperature development of chloroplasts. The deduced amino acid sequence of PFC1 has identity with rRNA methylases found in bacteria and yeast that modify specific adenosines of pre-rRNA transcripts. The pfc1 mutant does not have these modifications in the small subunit rRNA of the plastid.

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