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Complete Sequence of the Mitochondrial DNA of the Red Alga Porphyra purpurea: Cyanobacterial Introns and Shared Ancestry of Red and Green Algae

Gertraud Burger, Diane Saint-Louis, Michael W. Gray and B. Franz Lang
The Plant Cell
Vol. 11, No. 9 (Sep., 1999), pp. 1675-1694
DOI: 10.2307/3871046
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3871046
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Complete Sequence of the Mitochondrial DNA of the Red Alga Porphyra purpurea: Cyanobacterial Introns and Shared Ancestry of Red and Green Algae
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Abstract

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of Porphyra purpurea, a circular-mapping genome of 36,753 bp, has been completely sequenced. A total of 57 densely packed genes has been identified, including the basic set typically found in animals and fungi, as well as seven genes characteristic of protist and plant mtDNAs and specifying ribosomal proteins and subunits of succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase. The mitochondrial large subunit rRNA gene contains two group II introns that are extraordinarily similar to those found in the cyanobacterium Calothrix sp, suggesting a recent lateral intron transfer between a bacterial and a mitochondrial genome. Notable features of P. purpurea mtDNA include the presence of two 291-bp inverted repeats that likely mediate homologous recombination, resulting in genome rearrangement, and of numerous sequence polymorphisms in the coding and intergenic regions. Comparative analysis of red algal mitochondrial genomes from five different, evolutionarily distant orders reveals that rhodophyte mtDNAs are unusually uniform in size and gene order. Finally, phylogenetic analyses provide strong evidence that red algae share a common ancestry with green algae and plants.

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