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Involvement of Phospholipase D in Wound-Induced Accumulation of Jasmonic Acid in Arabidopsis

Cunxi Wang, Christopher A. Zien, Meshack Afitlhile, Ruth Welti, David F. Hildebrand and Xuemin Wang
The Plant Cell
Vol. 12, No. 11 (Nov., 2000), pp. 2237-2246
DOI: 10.2307/3871117
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3871117
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Involvement of Phospholipase D in Wound-Induced Accumulation of Jasmonic Acid in Arabidopsis
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Abstract

Multiple forms of phospholipase D (PLD) were activated in response to wounding, and the expressions of PLDα, PLDβ, and PLDγ differed in wounded Arabidopsis leaves. Antisense abrogation of the common plant PLD, PLDα, decreased the wound induction of phosphatidic acid, jasmonic acid (JA), and a JA-regulated gene for vegetative storage protein. Examination of the genes involved in the initial steps of oxylipin synthesis revealed that abrogation of the PLDα attenuated the wound-induced expression of lipoxygenase 2 (LOX2) but had no effect on allene oxide synthase (AOS) or hydroperoxide lyase in wounded leaves. The systemic induction of LOX2, AOS, and vegetative storage protein was lower in the PLDα-suppressed plants than in wild-type plants, with AOS exhibiting a distinct pattern. These results indicate that activation of PLD mediates wound induction of JA and that LOX2 is probably a downstream target through which PLD promotes the production of JA.

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