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PAA1, a P-Type ATPase of Arabidopsis, Functions in Copper Transport in Chloroplasts
Toshiharu Shikanai, Patricia Müller-Moulé, Yuri Munekage, Krishna K. Niyogi and Marinus Pilon
The Plant Cell
Vol. 15, No. 6 (Jun., 2003), pp. 1333-1346
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3871987
Page Count: 14
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Chloroplasts, Plants, Electrons, Chlorophylls, Adenosine triphosphatases, Plant cells, Thylakoids, Phenotypes, Gels, Alleles
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Copper (Cu) is an essential trace element with important roles as a cofactor in many plant functions, including photosynthesis. However, free Cu ions can cause toxicity, necessitating precise Cu delivery systems. Relatively little is known about Cu transport in plant cells, and no components of the Cu transport machinery in chloroplasts have been identified previously. Cu transport into chloroplasts provides the cofactor for the stromal enzyme copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/ZnSOD) and for the thylakoid lumen protein plastocyanin, which functions in photosynthetic electron transport from the cytochrome b6f complex to photosystem I. Here, we characterized six Arabidopsis mutants that are defective in the PAA1 gene, which encodes a member of the metal-transporting P-type ATPase family with a functional N-terminal chloroplast transit peptide. paa1 mutants exhibited a high-chlorophyll-fluorescence phenotype as a result of an impairment of photosynthetic electron transport that could be ascribed to decreased levels of holoplastocyanin. The paa1-1 mutant had a lower chloroplast Cu content, despite having wild-type levels in leaves. The electron transport defect of paa1 mutants was evident on medium containing <1 μM Cu, but it was suppressed by the addition of 10 μM Cu. Chloroplastic Cu/ZnSOD activity also was reduced in paa1 mutants, suggesting that PAA1 mediates Cu transfer across the plastid envelope. Thus, PAA1 is a critical component of a Cu transport system in chloroplasts responsible for cofactor delivery to plastocyanin and Cu/ZnSOD.
The Plant Cell © 2003 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)