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A View of Comparative Endocrinology and Aubrey Gorbman

Hideshi Kobayashi
American Zoologist
Vol. 23, No. 3 (1983), pp. 739-748
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3882955
Page Count: 10
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A View of Comparative Endocrinology and Aubrey Gorbman
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Abstract

Analyses of papers published in General and Comparative Endocrinology from 1961 to 1981 were made from several aspects. Number of papers published has increased year after year. Molluscan endocrinology papers have increased and overtaken annelid publications. During the past 20 yr studies using crustaceans and insects have comprised 25-50% of all endocrine research on invertebrate groups. Papers on protochordates, elasmobranchs, and cyclostomes are few but constant in number, indicating that these three groups are important from phylogenic aspects. Studies on birds and teleosts have increased, while those on amphibians have decreased. Biochemical techniques were employed in 50% of all publications in this journal. Radioimmunoassay has replaced autoradiography. Immunohistochemistry increased in popularity. Studies on the pars distalis and gonads are predominant among all endocrine organs. Research at the molecular level is decreasing, but is increasing at the organismal level. Research at the organismal level may be characteristic of comparative endocrinology. Largely through the initiative of Aubrey Gorbman, General and Comparative Endocrinology was first published in 1961, and the International Committee of the Symposium on Comparative Endocrinology was formed in 1957. Gorbman has produced many students. His original and important contributions are in diversified areas: thyroid physiology and its evolution, hormones and the brain and behavior, cyclostome endocrinology and neurosecretory systems in lower vertebrates. In addition, he has influenced investigators through his ideas of evolution. He has had particular impact on the development of comparative endocrinology in Japan.

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