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Pixe Analysis of Pre-European Pottery from the Northern Transvaal and Its Relevance to the Distribution of Ceramic Styles, Social Interaction and Change

L. Jacobson, J. H. N. Loubser, M. Peisach, C. A. Pineda and W. Van Der Westhuizen
The South African Archaeological Bulletin
Vol. 46, No. 153 (Jun., 1991), pp. 19-24
DOI: 10.2307/3889009
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3889009
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Pixe Analysis of Pre-European Pottery from the Northern Transvaal and Its Relevance to the Distribution of Ceramic Styles, Social Interaction and Change
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Abstract

The chemical profile of pottery samples covering the last 1000 years from geologically distinct regions north and south of the central Soutpansberg was characterised by means of non-destructive PIXE analysis. A combined chemical and stylistic analysis indicates that a small number of vessels moved from south to north, while northern styles seem to be adopted by people living in the south. These instances, together with the fact that three northern style vessels were made in the south and then taken north, are significant. The reconstructed movements of pots and stylistic emulation support evidence obtained from oral traditions and settlement patterns that predominantly Shona-speaking communities north of the Soutpansberg had more prestige than communities in the south.

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