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Journal Article

Two Late Pleistocene-Holocene Archaeological Depositories from the Southern Cape, South Africa

H. J. Deacon
The South African Archaeological Bulletin
Vol. 50, No. 162 (Dec., 1995), pp. 121-131
DOI: 10.2307/3889061
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3889061
Page Count: 11
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Two Late Pleistocene-Holocene Archaeological Depositories from the Southern Cape, South Africa
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Abstract

This paper reviews research at two sites in the southern Cape, South Africa that together span the last 125 ka: Boomplaas and Klasies River main site. Environmental and cultural changes are discussed. The contrasts between the Late Pleistocene and Holocene and between the earlier and later Holocene environments are detailed. Climates have been similar to the present and more favourable for human settlement in the last 5 ka than at any time since the Last Interglacial. The Middle-Later Stone Age interface predates 21 ka in the Boomplaas sequence. The Howieson's Poort at the base of the Boomplaas sequence is a horizon marker that is also found in the top of the Klasies River main site. Human remains from Klasies River are dated to 90 ka and 120 ka. It is argued that these sites were occupied by morphologically and cognitively modern humans.

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