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Excavations in the South-Western Cape, South Africa, and the Archaeological Identity of Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers within the Last 2000 Years

Andrew B. Smith, Karim Sadr, John Gribble and Royden Yates
The South African Archaeological Bulletin
Vol. 46, No. 154 (Dec., 1991), pp. 71-91
DOI: 10.2307/3889087
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3889087
Page Count: 21
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Excavations in the South-Western Cape, South Africa, and the Archaeological Identity of Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers within the Last 2000 Years
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Abstract

Excavations at several sites along the coast around Saldanha Bay and in the mountains overlooking the Swartland have revealed the remains of two quite distinct archaeological groups during the last two thousand years. In one group of sites, formally retouched stone tools, small ostrich eggshell beads along with a low density of ceramics are associated with a predominantly wild fauna, particularly small bovids. By contrast, in the second group, an informal stone industry, large ostrich eggshell beads and high ceramic densities correlate with domestic stock. The interpretation is that the two groups of sites respectively represent hunters and herders who existed side by side in the south-western Cape up to the colonial period.

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