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Melikane and Upper Mangolong Revisited: The Possible Effects on San Art of Symbiotic Contact between South-Eastern San and Southern Sotho and Nguni Communities

Pieter Jolly
The South African Archaeological Bulletin
Vol. 50, No. 161 (Jun., 1995), pp. 68-80
DOI: 10.2307/3889275
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3889275
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Melikane and Upper Mangolong Revisited: The Possible Effects on San Art of Symbiotic Contact between South-Eastern San and Southern Sotho and Nguni Communities
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Abstract

The possible expression of Nguni and southern Sotho religious concepts and ritual practices in the rock art of the mountains of south-eastern Africa is investigated. Special attention is paid to the testimony of the 19th century San informant, Qing, concerning paintings from the caves at Melikane and upper Mangolong, Lesotho. It is suggested that the assumption of structural continuities in San religious ideology and ritual practices takes insufficient account of symbiotic interaction between south-eastern San and black farming communities and changes in the ideological and other systems of the San resulting from such contact. Some implications of such changes for the current paradigm of rock art studies and the use of ethnographic analogy in rock art studies are explored.

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