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Observations on Food Habits of Four Species of Spadefoot Toads, Genus Scaphiopus

John O. Whitaker, Jr., David Rubin and Jack R. Munsee
Herpetologica
Vol. 33, No. 4 (Dec., 1977), pp. 468-475
Published by: Allen Press on behalf of the Herpetologists' League
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3891718
Page Count: 8
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Observations on Food Habits of Four Species of Spadefoot Toads, Genus Scaphiopus
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Abstract

Lepidopterous larvae were the most important food by volume of Scaphiopus hammondi and Scaphiopus holbrookii and were second to adult Lepidoptera for Scaphiopus bombifrons. Other important foods were adult Carabidae for S. bombifrons, adult Coccinellidae and ants for S. hammondi, and adult Scarabaeidae and Carabidae for S. holbrookii. For Scaphiopus couchii, the most important items were termites, Lygaeidae, Carabidae, grasshoppers, crickets and Scarabaeidae. Much of the bulk of the food of Scaphiopus was of large items, but numerous ants and termites and a few other small forms were also eaten. It appears that Scaphiopus feeds primarily at the surface rather than underground.

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