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Journal Article

Envenomation from the Bite of the Japanese Colubrid Snake Rhabdophis tigrinus (Boie)

M. B. Mittleman and R. C. Goris
Herpetologica
Vol. 30, No. 2 (Jun., 1974), pp. 113-119
Published by: Allen Press on behalf of the Herpetologists' League
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3892025
Page Count: 7
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Envenomation from the Bite of the Japanese Colubrid Snake Rhabdophis tigrinus (Boie)
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Abstract

The yamakagashi, Rhabdophis tigrinus, a common natricine snake of Japan and adjacent East Asia, is generally considered inocuous to man despite its enlarged posterior maxillary teeth and well developed Duvernoy's glands. Three cases of serious envenomation by this species are reported, all marked by delayed, spontaneous, superficial hemorrhaging and profound impairment of normal blood coagulation. In two cases these phenomena were accompanied by signs of severe internal hemorrhaging and hemolysis. Other symptoms may have resulted from transitory involvement of the central and autonomic nervous systems. Therapeutic measures applied in these cases are described, including the apparently effective use of a systemic antihemorrhagic drug. It is concluded that R. tigrinus is a dangerously venomous snake and potentially lethal to man.

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