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Responses of Birds, Rodents, and Vegetation to Livestock Exclosure in a Semidesert Grassland Site

Carl E. Bock, Jane H. Bock, William R. Kenney and Vernon M. Hawthorne
Journal of Range Management
Vol. 37, No. 3 (May, 1984), pp. 239-242
DOI: 10.2307/3899146
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3899146
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Responses of Birds, Rodents, and Vegetation to Livestock Exclosure in a Semidesert Grassland Site
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Abstract

Livestock have been excluded from a 3,160-ha range in southeastern Arizona since 1968. Compared to an adjacent continuously grazed area, in 1981-82 a protected upland site supported 45% more grass cover, a comparatively heterogeneous grass community, and 4 times as many shrubs. Grama grasses (Bouteloua spp.) were equally common in and outside the exclosure, while a variety of other species, especially plains lovegrass (Eragrostis intermedia) and Arizona cottontop (Trichachne californicum) were much more abundant on the protected site. The grazed area supported significantly higher numbers of birds in summer, while densities did not differ in winter. Rodents were significantly more abundant inside the protected area. Species of birds and rodents more common in the grazed area included those typical of more xeric lowland habitats and those preferring open ground for feeding. Species more common on the protected site were those which characterize semidesert or plains grasslands, and which prefer substantial grass or shrub cover. Grazing appeared to favor birds as a class over rodents.

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